0000014842 00000 n 0000006602 00000 n Alkene formation in E1 reactions is not stereospecific. 0. 0000013946 00000 n 7) Memorize Reaction, Orientation where Appropriate, Stereochemistry where Appropriate, and Mechanism where Appropriate. -:�4 endstream endobj 81 0 obj << /Type /FontDescriptor /Ascent 891 /CapHeight 0 /Descent -216 /Flags 98 /FontBBox [ -547 -307 1206 1032 ] /FontName /GFNNGB+TimesNewRoman,BoldItalic /ItalicAngle -15 /StemV 133 /FontFile2 125 0 R >> endobj 82 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /TrueType /FirstChar 32 /LastChar 121 /Widths [ 250 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 500 0 444 500 444 333 500 556 278 0 0 278 0 556 500 500 0 389 389 278 0 0 0 0 444 ] /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding /BaseFont /GFNNGB+TimesNewRoman,BoldItalic /FontDescriptor 81 0 R >> endobj 83 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /TrueType /FirstChar 32 /LastChar 121 /Widths [ 250 0 0 0 0 0 0 278 0 0 0 570 0 333 0 278 0 500 500 500 0 0 0 0 0 0 333 0 0 570 0 0 0 722 667 722 722 667 611 778 778 389 0 778 667 944 722 778 0 0 722 556 667 0 0 1000 722 722 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 500 0 444 556 444 333 500 556 278 0 556 278 833 556 500 556 0 444 389 333 556 500 0 0 500 ] /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding /BaseFont /GFNMKE+TimesNewRoman,Bold /FontDescriptor 84 0 R >> endobj 84 0 obj << /Type /FontDescriptor /Ascent 891 /CapHeight 656 /Descent -216 /Flags 34 /FontBBox [ -558 -307 2034 1026 ] /FontName /GFNMKE+TimesNewRoman,Bold /ItalicAngle 0 /StemV 160 /FontFile2 124 0 R >> endobj 85 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type0 /BaseFont /GFNMPF+SymbolMT /Encoding /Identity-H /DescendantFonts [ 129 0 R ] /ToUnicode 86 0 R >> endobj 86 0 obj << /Filter /FlateDecode /Length 245 >> stream ��9%��MخȪ2��-��3d_)b^�~a�] ��ȪU 97 0 obj Examples: Predict the products of following reactions trans-3-hexene + MCPBA Z-5-methyl-hept-4-ene + MCPBA H�b```e``�d`c`��cd@ A�;ǛDf�ya���N``Pٲ�F���@@E�@�k��ƣ��}� H�T�=o� �w~��V �����K�~�I�prH A���$�S@��k�6m��֚ ��/�� ����l^!8mT8(�j�hw�5���q��&�+&������{��5zc�y��?1�m���6 !@�Hh�&ݻ�hރ��!����{Ѹ:��K;!Ԍ�R��@���I���Q]�'�ߜ�DU��9�S����3�w�S!H�r�K��.n���}-/,�������%��? 0000004789 00000 n application/pdf %���� endstream 0000013584 00000 n 0000011781 00000 n 0000008566 00000 n 0000010528 00000 n For more information contact us at info@libretexts.org or check out our status page at https://status.libretexts.org. 0000090895 00000 n The tail of the arrow starts at the initial position of the electron pair (at an atom for a lone pair; at a bond for a bonding pair). 0000004030 00000 n • The two new C-H σ bonds are formed simultaneously from H atoms absorbed into the metal surface. Alkenes, Alkynes & Variations Beauchamp 10 y:\files\classes\Organic Chemistry Tool Chest\Reactions Lists\Org rxns summary, alkenes, -ynes, with mechs.doc Reactions of alkenes, alkynes and conjugated variations a. RBr from alkenes (anti-Markovnikov addition of HBr using free radical chemistry): 0000050194 00000 n �D\xp(bm�U��MiOW���bb�8�Զ8la�˱s�*��^^rj�ݔ]"iK[��x General Considerations (10.1A) We show a general equation for an addition reaction with an alkene in Figure 10.01. 0000009903 00000 n 0000014484 00000 n 10. 0000016422 00000 n H����r�0E�� 0000011424 00000 n .�^�&L^�@�4=&0��K�4g}�I�c�PB��X���@?�.z1�+dq��%���ne���qy��E�@_��K���Ի���9eƩ�z�N� 0000014304 00000 n 0. 0000086847 00000 n Unless otherwise noted, LibreTexts content is licensed by CC BY-NC-SA 3.0. 0000011603 00000 n They are reacted with water in the presence of an acid catalyst. 0000086791 00000 n uuid:5455f4aa-08a1-4162-aad9-b3817fa7f079 0000012142 00000 n 0000002419 00000 n Have questions or comments? trailer << /Size 139 /Info 69 0 R /Root 72 0 R /Prev 167824 /ID[<7a504c22971610878358ca2ac38381c5><9af549a9339cca33fcc5f2654a178620>] >> startxref 0 %%EOF 72 0 obj << /Type /Catalog /Pages 68 0 R /Metadata 70 0 R /PageLabels 67 0 R >> endobj 137 0 obj << /S 463 /L 670 /Filter /FlateDecode /Length 138 0 R >> stream Addition reactions are typically exothermic. 7) 0000012502 00000 n ]ț#���/�Y-Oz떧�L�"&���'k�McrN�07`�'��~�ͦ�4��S ݐ�>Q�X�̭�����A#(X@ �.B$�����^� 0000005018 00000 n 98 0 obj 0000013041 00000 n Orientation Stereo Mechanism 1 HrB r (no peroxides) c le bond into bonds + X-Y X Y. Hydrogenation of Alkenes Reaction Type: Electrophilic Addition Summary • Alkenes can be reduced to alkanes with H2 in the presence of metal catalysts such as Pt, Pd, Ni or Rh. 0000090175 00000 n This is an addition reaction. Similarly, the staggered conformation of (2R,3R) or of (2S,3S)-2,3-dibromobutane (Figure 9.10), specifically gives the (Z)-alkene by the anti-periplanar E2 elimination of a β-H and Br shown here. Dehydrohalogenation: loss of H and X from adjacent carbons of an alkyl halide to form an alkene C. Addition reactions: two reactants add to form a product - no (or few) atoms are left over. <> 0000004051 00000 n Depending on the structure of the alkene and the specific reagents, the reactions can be regioselective and/or stereoselective. %PDF-1.4 endstream endobj 87 0 obj 868 endobj 88 0 obj << /Filter /FlateDecode /Length 87 0 R >> stream 2018-11-03T17:17:11Z The stereochemistry of the epoxide is similar to that of alkene: the reaction is concerted, so there is no rotation to form the opposite stereochemical product. 0000002441 00000 n alkene as the other groups on Cα and Cβ move into the alkene plane. *�⌂������1@T��Q0�Q"�u&�" � ��`g�2�3�q謳���x,�j``������[��a1P֝��w ���4�0�0��rp1�0h0��,?8Po�g`�4)�os���'| �]����^�2p^ )�oX�hT�����a>�[����u� ��`�� @n�_�\FfU�hIȉ���H3�7@� �P�� endstream endobj 138 0 obj 524 endobj 73 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 68 0 R /Resources 74 0 R /Contents [ 80 0 R 88 0 R 90 0 R 92 0 R 94 0 R 96 0 R 98 0 R 121 0 R ] /MediaBox [ 0 0 612 792 ] /CropBox [ 0 0 612 792 ] /Rotate 0 >> endobj 74 0 obj << /ProcSet [ /PDF /Text /ImageC /ImageI ] /Font << /TT2 78 0 R /TT4 83 0 R /TT5 85 0 R /TT7 82 0 R >> /XObject << /Im1 112 0 R /Im2 102 0 R /Im3 106 0 R /Im4 104 0 R /Im5 100 0 R /Im6 105 0 R /Im7 131 0 R /Im8 132 0 R /Im9 133 0 R /Im10 134 0 R /Im11 99 0 R /Im12 101 0 R /Im13 103 0 R /Im14 115 0 R /Im15 114 0 R /Im16 113 0 R /Im17 135 0 R /Im18 116 0 R /Im19 136 0 R /Im20 108 0 R /Im21 119 0 R /Im22 111 0 R /Im23 107 0 R /Im24 117 0 R /Im25 109 0 R /Im26 110 0 R /Im28 118 0 R >> /ExtGState << /GS1 126 0 R >> /ColorSpace << /Cs6 75 0 R /Cs8 76 0 R >> >> endobj 75 0 obj [ /ICCBased 128 0 R ] endobj 76 0 obj [ /Indexed 75 0 R 0 127 0 R ] endobj 77 0 obj << /Type /FontDescriptor /Ascent 891 /CapHeight 656 /Descent -216 /Flags 34 /FontBBox [ -568 -307 2028 1007 ] /FontName /GFNKBE+TimesNewRoman /ItalicAngle 0 /StemV 94 /XHeight 0 /FontFile2 123 0 R >> endobj 78 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /TrueType /FirstChar 32 /LastChar 121 /Widths [ 250 0 408 0 0 0 0 0 333 333 0 564 250 333 250 278 0 0 500 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 278 0 0 0 564 444 0 722 667 667 722 611 556 0 722 333 0 0 611 0 722 722 556 0 667 556 611 0 0 944 722 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 444 500 444 500 444 333 500 500 278 0 500 278 778 500 500 500 0 333 389 278 500 500 722 500 500 ] /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding /BaseFont /GFNKBE+TimesNewRoman /FontDescriptor 77 0 R >> endobj 79 0 obj 660 endobj 80 0 obj << /Filter /FlateDecode /Length 79 0 R >> stream 0000090715 00000 n 0000015223 00000 n 2018-11-03T17:17:11Z >ږv�t؛f���nA;��_��sȕ�J��Ъ���0�~1��H˼�� M�:��B-�zr��\��G̙*���V�� 0000006623 00000 n 0000008587 00000 n (Other types of reaction have been substitution and elimination). Opposite of an elimination reaction. 0000001801 00000 n We learned about elimination reactions that form C=C and C≡C bonds in Chapter 9. 0000089787 00000 n H���O��0��|�9f���0����l]���r[�v7�R�v�o��c;�r��oތm��o;wM�3�Q Kg�q*A(w���$�@�iLP� �f��M�(F�FSKvd�q�34�l�� �H|5ʯF�̪K�P�9�(Ϥ��ӒvZ� k�*uZ�.JZQѳ�K+��� ���IZ9ѳ1I+&��ݙF5�c�Y�Oǘ,��8sB��-���n��6k��=�C�:1+����YqvR��$�Ya�޴�R�Y3��@�q�d1�[�%�"�U�Jf:+�9܃e��0�\�*�Vw��ߦ�(ϸ�� 0000074625 00000 n %PDF-1.3 %���� 0000090534 00000 n Legal. 0000089994 00000 n ���EC������uc���א. 0000005906 00000 n Summary Sheet: Alkene Addition Reactions Free Study Guide Here is a Comprehensive and a Beautiful PDF file of the Alkene Addition Reactions: The addition reactions of alkenes are the big start of going deep into Organic reaction mechanisms in the upcoming topics such as alkynes, radical reactions, aromatic compounds and most of the others. 0000089525 00000 n endobj 0000006129 00000 n 0000012681 00000 n 0000086712 00000 n 8. 0000009186 00000 n 0000010507 00000 n

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