The ratio of women per 1,000 men was 1,102. The Boyana Church, a UNESCO World Heritage site, contains realistic frescoes, depicting more than 240 human images and a total 89 scenes, were painted. Skiing equipment can be rented and skiing lessons are available. 1950 522,000. "Sofia. The recorded history of the city begins with the attestation of the conquest of Serdica by the Roman Republic in 29 BC from the Celtic tribe Serdi. In the 15th and 16th century, Sofia was expanded by Ottoman building activity. [96] It was once again incorporated into the restored Bulgarian Empire in 1194 at the time of Emperor Ivan Asen I and became a major administrative and cultural centre. Source: The estimation data for section "Bulgaria By the 19th century the Bulgarian population had two schools and seven churches, contributing to the Bulgarian National Revival. (2009). 2,311,578 males / 2,388,797 females), 1,261,194 persons above 64 years old ( The city’s economy is growing at a rapid pace. In addition Sofia has co-operation agreements with: Serdica Peak on Livingston Island in the South Shetland Islands, Antarctica is named after Serdica. Sofia (en bulgare : София) est la capitale et la plus grande ville de la Bulgarie, à 590 mètres d'altitude au pied du mont Vitocha, non loin de l'Iskar. . Vitosha is in the south; the Balkan Mountains define the valley's northern fringes. [50][51] The hottest recorded month was July 2012 with an average temperature of 25 °C (77 °F). Of the population aged 15–64 – 265,248 people within the municipality (28.5%) are not economically active, the unemployed being another group of 55,553 people (6%), a large share of whom have completed higher education. 60,571 are illiterate. [142] The Ivan Vazov National Theatre, which performs mainly classical plays and is situated in the very centre of the city, is the most prominent theatre. In 1950, the population of Sofia was 521,938. With its developing infrastructure and strategic location, Sofia is a major hub for international railway and automobile transport. Sofia is the 13th largest city in the European Union. Over 99.6% of males and females aged over 9 are recorded as literate. [81], In 27–29 BC, according do Dio Cassius, Pliny and Ptolemy, the region "Segetike" was attacked by Crassus, which is assumed to be Serdica, or the city of the Serdi. Acta Zoologica Bulgarica. [127] One of the three buildings in the architectural ensemble, the former Bulgarian Communist Party headquarters, is due to become the seat of the Parliament. Bianquis, C.E. During the 1970s and the 1980s multiple ski slopes of varying difficulty were made available. During the Communist Party rule, a number of the city's most emblematic streets and squares were renamed for ideological reasons, with the original names restored after 1989.[112]. Not only is it the capital city, but it is the largest by population, with a city population estimated in late 2015 to be 1,260,120. The total dependency ratio of population in Bulgaria is 47.3 %. On his way to Constantinople, Basil II was ambushed and soundly defeated by the Bulgarians in the battle of the Gates of Trajan. [121] Some party leaders claimed that ballots were falsified and called for annulment of the election. New residential areas were built in the outskirts of the city, like Druzhba, Mladost and Lyulin. [38] In these documents the city is called Sofia, but at the same time the region and the city's inhabitants are still called Sredecheski (срѣдечьскои, "of Sredets"), which continued until the 20th century. The current metro area population of Sofia in 2020 is 1,281,000, a 0.31% increase from … The SS. Sredets became a major administrative, economic, cultural and literary hub until its conquest by the Ottomans in 1382. Serdica became part of the First Bulgarian Empire during the reign of Khan Krum in 809, after a long siege. In the 500s BC, the area became part of a Thracian state union, the Odrysian kingdom from another Thracian tribe the Odrysses. There are some ten[151] tennis court complexes within the city including the one founded by former WTA top-five athlete Magdalena Maleeva.[152]. Below are the key figures for Bulgaria population in 2019: Bulgaria population density is 62.4 people per square kilometer (161.6/mi2) as of November 2020. After World War II and the establishment of a Communist government in Bulgaria in 1944, the architectural style was substantially altered. The earliest tribes who settled were the Thracian Tilataei. Bulgaria's largest art museums are located in the central areas of the city. It grew into an important fortress and administrative centre under Krum's successor Khan Omurtag, who made it a centre of Sredets province (Sredetski komitat, Средецки комитат). The dependent part includes the population under 15 years old and people aged 65 and over. [67] Solid fuel used for heating and motor vehicle traffic are significant sources of pollutants. Bulgarian rule was restored in 1878. The Iskar flows north toward the Balkan Mountains, passing between the eastern city suburbs, next to the main building and below the runways of Sofia Airport, and flows out of the Sofia Valley at the town of Novi Iskar, where the scenic Iskar Gorge begins.[42]. Nu Image acquired the studios to upgrade them into Nu Boyana Film Studios, used to shoot scenes for a number of action movies like The Expendables 2, Rambo: Last Blood and London Has Fallen.[144][145]. The families that consist of two people are 46.8%, another 34.2% of the families are made up by three people, whereas most of the households (36.5%) consist of only one person.[113]. [191] As of 2012[update], the system has 39 km (24 mi) of track. It seems that the first written mention of Serdica was made during his reign and the last mention was in the 19th century in a Bulgarian text (Сардакіи, Sardaki). Within the municipality, three-quarters, or 965,328 people are recorded as having access to television at home and 836,435 (64.8%) as having internet. Aged dependency ratio in Bulgaria is 26.8 %. age structure" is based on the latest demographic and social statistics by United Nations Statistics Division Sofia's development as a significant settlement owes much to its central position in the Balkans. The Vitosha Nature Park (the oldest national park in the Balkans)[115] includes most of Vitosha mountain and covers an area of 266 square kilometres (103 sq mi),[116] with roughly half of it lying within the municipality of Sofia. ", "Where are world's deadliest major cities? The natural growth rate during 2009 was 0.2 per mille, the first positive growth rate in nearly 20 years.

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