Understand the difference between who and whom. 'Whom' is the objective case of who, which mean it is used when 'who' is the on the receiving end of a verb. If you can replace the word with "her," "him," or "them" for example, use "whom." 1. That means whom is acted on. Whom did you see? However, because it is a relative pronoun, there are numerous tricky examples about when to use who or whom. This makes their true function within the sentence hard to see unless you sort … We all know who/whom pulled that prank. We are interested in the second clause because it contains the who/whom. (If you need to refresh your parts-of-speech memory, head to English Grammar Basics: Parts of a Sentence.) When in doubt, try this simple trick: If you can replace the word with “he”’ or “’she,” use who.If you can replace it with “him” or “her,” use whom.. Who should be used to refer to the subject of a sentence. When to use “whom” Whom is a little trickier. Therefore, whom is correct. ; Whom should be used to refer to the object of a verb or preposition. His grandchildren, whom he loves so much, are in town for a visit. Problem Sentences. Both who and whom are relative pronouns. Therefore, who is correct. Who/Whom wrote the letter? So, if you think in terms of people doing something then "who," as the subject, is the person carrying out the action or doing something. Conversely, "whom," as the object, is the person receiving the action. He wrote the letter. In short, mentally swap out the who or whom in your sentence with he or him. Like me, him, her, us, and them, whom is the object of a verb or preposition. This sentence contains two clauses: we all know and who/whom pulled that prank. Should I vote for him? The cook, whom … Now, determining the case (nominative or objective) of these words can sometimes be tricky because who and whom so often find themselves in the form of a question.. Next, it's also important to note "who" refers to a subject of a clause and "whom" refers to the object of a clause. Before applying the rule concerning who/whoever and whom/whomever, check out these sample sentences: If he sounds right, you should use who . Whom should be used to refer to the object of a verb or preposition. Read on to learn this essential grammar lesson. Whom and whomever are for objects — all kinds of objects (direct, indirect, of prepositions, of infinitives, and so on). If him is the obvious winner, go with whom . Who/Whom should I vote for? You'll know when to use "whom" if the pronoun is used in the objective case, or action is being done to the pronoun. Put simply, use whom—which is a pronoun—when it is the object of a sentence.

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